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Formal report series, containing results of research and monitoring carried out by Marine Scotland Science

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Review of migratory routes and behaviour of Atlantic salmon, sea trout and European eel in Scotland’s coastal environment: implications for the development of marine renewables

Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 1 No 14

The Scottish Government has ambitious targets for renewable energy production, to which offshore renewables could make a substantial contribution. However, the new marine energy industries must develop on a sustainable basis, ensuring that environmental impacts are assessed, and if necessary, minimised through appropriate mitigation. The likelihood of any impacts on Atlantic salmon, sea trout or European eels will depend on interactions between (1) migratory routes and behaviour (2) the distribution of offshore developments (3) the technologies deployed and (4) the dynamics of the relevant fish populations. This report summarises available information on the migratory routes and behaviour of salmon, sea trout and eels in a Scottish context.

Broad scale patterns of migration are identified for adult Atlantic salmon, although the resolution of available data is unlikely to be sufficient to inform site specific risk assessment. Less extensive information is available on juvenile migratory routes and no information is available on juvenile migration from important east coast rivers. The limited information available on sea trout migration suggests predominantly inshore and local use of the marine environment, although wider ranging migrations have been observed from some rivers. No specific migratory routes can be discerned for either juvenile or adult sea trout. European eels in Scotland are part of a single European population for which there is considerable uncertainty regarding migratory routes. The limited evidence which is available suggests that eels from a number of European countries may migrate through Scottish waters. For all the species considered, there is only very limited information on behaviour and swimming depths. Most of this information has been generated outwith Scotland and it is uncertain whether it can be reliably transferred to the Scottish context given differences in the life stages observed and local geography.

Significant knowledge gaps remain for all three species considered in this review. These knowledge gaps should be considered as part of an overall assessment of research needs in relation to offshore renewable developments and diadromous fish.

doi: 
10.7489/1459-1
Citation: 
I.A. Malcolm, J. Godfrey and A.F. Youngson. 2010. Review of migratory routes and behaviour of Atlantic salmon, sea trout and European eel in Scotland’s coastal environment: implications for the development of marine renewables. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 1 No 14. Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 72 pages. doi: 10.7489/1459-1

Dataset Info

These fields are compatible with DCAT, an RDF vocabulary designed to facilitate interoperability between data catalogs published on the Web.
FieldValue
Publisher
Modified Date
2017-05-09
Release Date
2014-09-02
Identifier
0828a51f-d02e-4072-951f-c5dc1bcdee5b
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Location
Scottish Waters
Temporal Coverage
Friday, January 1, 2010 - 00:00
License
UK Open Government Licence (OGL)
Author
I.A. Malcolm, J. Godfrey and A.F. Youngson
Data Dictionary

This report is a literature review.

Contact Name
Marine Scotland Science Enquiries
Contact Email
Public Access Level
Public